Kibbutz Sde Boker is located in the Negev
desert of southern Israel
, about 50 km south of Beersheba. The settlement was established in 1952. The kibbutz is named after mount Boker and stream Boker which are located nearby.
The first settlers were members of the Military Intelligence Department during the War of Independence, and members of the Ministry of Agriculture. The settlement was established as a shepherd farm, based on the advantages of the desert - flood waters and pastures. The kibbutz members aspired to prove the possibilities inherent in the Negev Highlands and to bring the settlement institutions to begin planning the entire area.
Sde Boker is a traditional cooperative kibbutz, which has not yet undergone significant privatization processes, and sees great importance in joint cultural and social activities.
It is best known as the retirement home of Israel's first Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
. Today Ben-Gurion's kibbutz home, "Tzrif Ben-Gurion", is a museum. Sde Boker is also well known for its Bedouin
Sde Boker counts today around 110 families and 6 international volunteers. Its main lines of business are agriculture, tourism, industry, and various small businesses. Volunteers in Sde Boker mainly work in the chicken house and in the services. They receive 3 meals a day in the kibbutz dining room.