Neve Harif is a secular agricultural kibbutz in the format of the renewed kibbutz. It was established in 1987, initially as a temporary settlement called "Yitsiot", which became a permanent community after a year under the name Neve Harif, after the late Member of Knesset (Israeli parliament) Mussa Harif, who was killed along with his family in a car accident in 1982. Kibbutz Neve Harif is located in the Arava Valley of the Negev desert in the South of Israel, about 60 km north of Eilat.
The kibbutz was established by a group of urban youth who wanted to establish an industrial kibbutz that combines a kibbutz ideology with modern employment. However, when its founders came to understand that there was no relative advantage to the industry in the Arava, and decided to turn Neve Harif into an agricultural kibbutz, agricultural branches were established, such as orchards, cowsheds and chicken coops. Over the years, the kibbutz underwent privatization processes, but at the same time maintained a communal and social character that exemplifies a contemporary kibbutz model, with a separation between economic independence and management of communal branches and communal life.
The community counts 60 members with 11 international volunteers. The main activities as a kibbutz are agriculture, raising cows and poultry and dates growing. Volunteers in Neve Harif mainly work in the cowshed and chicken house. They receive an allowance to buy food in nearby kibbutz Lotan or in Eilat and there is a kitchen in Neve Harif with all facilities for cocking.